Railway networks serve as vital arteries of transportation, connecting distant regions, facilitating trade, and enabling the movement of goods and people across vast landscapes. Among the myriad of railway systems worldwide, some stand out for their sheer size and scale. In this exploration, we delve into the world's 10 longest railway networks, examining their significance, operational details, and future prospects. From the expansive routes of the United States to the burgeoning high-speed rail of China, each network contributes to the global tapestry of transportation infrastructure.

Ten Longest Railway Networks

The countries with world's 10 longest railway networks are -

United States (Over 250,000km)

The United States boasts the world's most extensive railway network, with over 250,000km of tracks crisscrossing the nation. Dominated by freight lines, this network facilitates the movement of goods across vast distances, supported by iconic operators like Union Pacific Railroad and BNSF Railway. Additionally, Amtrak provides passenger services connecting diverse destinations across the country.

China (Over 100,000km)

China's railway network ranks as the second-largest globally, surpassing 100,000km in length. Operated by the state-owned China Railway Corporation, this network accommodates staggering volumes of passengers and freight, leveraging both conventional and high-speed rail infrastructure.

Russia (Over 85,500km)

Russia's expansive railway network, operated by state-owned Russian Railways (RZD), stretches over 85,500km. Notable for its Trans-Siberian Railway, this network facilitates vital connections between Europe and Asia, with plans for significant high-speed rail developments underway.

India (Over 65,000km)

India's railway network, managed by Indian Railways, extends over 65,000km and stands as the world's fourth-largest. Serving as a lifeline for millions of commuters and businesses, Indian Railways continues to expand and modernize its infrastructure to meet growing demands.

Canada (48,000km)

Canada's extensive railway network spans 48,000km, facilitating freight transportation across vast territories. While lacking high-speed rail, proposals for enhanced connectivity between major cities underscore the network's potential for future growth.

Germany (41,000km)

Germany's railway system, dominated by state-owned Deutsche Bahn, encompasses 41,000km of tracks. Renowned for its high-speed ICE services, Germany's rail network exemplifies efficiency and connectivity, with ongoing expansions enhancing its reach.

​​Australia (Over 40,000km)

Australia's railway infrastructure exceeds 40,000km, serving diverse purposes from freight transport to commuter services. While discussions about high-speed rail persist, existing networks play a crucial role in facilitating regional connectivity.

Argentina (Over 36,000km)

Argentina's railway network, once expansive, now spans over 36,000km, with privatization efforts reshaping the industry. Plans for high-speed rail projects highlight Argentina's ambitions for modernization and enhanced connectivity.

​​France (29,000km)

France's railway system encompasses 29,000km, renowned for its high-speed TGV services and extensive regional connections. Ongoing projects aim to further expand high-speed rail, enhancing domestic and international connectivity.

​​Brazil (28,000km)

Brazil's railway network, covering 28,000km, primarily focuses on freight transportation, with plans for future high-speed passenger lines. Despite challenges, Brazil's railways remain integral to its economic infrastructure.


In summary, the world's 10 longest railway networks showcase the diverse landscapes, operational complexities, and future aspirations of global transportation infrastructure. From the bustling freight corridors of the United States to the ambitious high-speed rail developments in China, each network plays a pivotal role in facilitating commerce, fostering connectivity, and shaping the socio-economic fabric of its respective region. As these networks continue to evolve and expand, they underscore the enduring significance of railways as a cornerstone of modern transportation.