​India boasts one of the most extensive and bustling railway networks globally, making it a key mode of transportation. However, for those embarking on their maiden voyage, navigating this vast system can be daunting. Fear not! With a bit of foresight and some insider insights, I am here to assist you in mastering the Indian railway labyrinth.

In this beginner's guide to traveling India by train, I aim to equip you with invaluable tips and tricks, ensuring your railway expedition across India is nothing short of seamless. Whether your journey is for leisure or business, these pragmatic suggestions are tailored to optimize your travel experience. Let's embark on this journey together, ensuring every train ride becomes a memorable and hassle-free adventure through the vibrant landscapes of India.

Plan Your Journey

Planning your journey in advance is paramount when navigating the vast expanse of the Indian railway system. With its extensive network connecting almost every corner of the country, foresight is key to ensuring a smooth travel experience. Here's a step-by-step guide to help you plan your journey effectively:

  • ​Use IRCTC for Booking: Utilize the Indian Railways website, IRCTC, to book your tickets well in advance. This platform offers a user-friendly interface and multiple payment options, including net banking, debit cards, and credit cards. However, if you're a foreigner, be prepared to potentially encounter some difficulties during the booking process. For more detailed instructions on booking tickets as a foreigner, refer to another article I've written on the subject.
  • Select the Appropriate Class: Indian Railways provides a range of travel classes to cater to diverse preferences and budgets. From the opulent first-class to the basic sleeper class and the often crowded second sitting, there's a class for every type of traveler. Keep in mind that tickets for the second sitting class seldom sell out, but be prepared for a journey where seating may not always be guaranteed. Depending on whether you're traveling solo, with a partner, or with family/group, choose a class that aligns with your comfort level and budget. For solo or couple travelers, first-class up to the third AC class are recommended, while second sleeper class is suitable for families or groups.


​In the Indian railway system, various classes cater to diverse preferences and budgets, each offering unique experiences. Here's a breakdown of some of the main classes:

​​General Class (GS)

  • ​The most basic and economical class.
  • Non-air-conditioned with no designated seating.
  • Travellers often stand or sit on the floor.
  • Generally overcrowded, providing a taste of Indian culture and adventure.

Sleeper Class (SL)

  • ​Non-air-conditioned with a 72-seat layout in a two-tiered arrangement.
  • Berths are not assigned and are on a first-come, first-served basis.
  • No bedding or food included, travelers must bring their own or purchase from hawkers.
  • Coaches can be crowded and noisy, especially during peak seasons.

​​AC Chair Car (CC)

  • ​Comfortable and economical class with air-conditioned coaches.
  • Features a 3x3 seating arrangement with overhead luggage racks and legroom.
  • Blankets provided for the journey; food available for purchase or pre-order onboard.

​​AC 3 Tier (3A)

  • ​Popular for its comfort and hygiene.
  • Air-conditioned coaches with a 3x2 berth arrangement and side berth.
  • Amenities include bedrolls, reading lights, and charging points.
  • Indian Railways provides food, with options for specific dietary requirements.

AC 2 Tier (2A)

  • ​Premium class offering an exclusive and luxurious experience.
  • Air-conditioned coaches with a 2x2 berth arrangement and curtains for privacy.
  • Additional amenities such as charging ports, bedrolls, pillows, and sometimes lockers.
  • Meals included, with a focus on regional cuisine.

AC1 Tier (1A)

  • ​Similar to AC 2 Tier but with more space.
  • Offers either 2 or 4 berth arrangements, depending on the route and train.
  • Provides a higher level of luxury and comfort.

Selecting the appropriate class depends on factors such as budget, comfort preferences, and travel duration. Each class offers a unique experience, allowing travelers to tailor their journey according to their needs.

Luggage Limits

It's crucial to familiarize yourself with Indian Railways' luggage restrictions to ensure a hassle-free journey. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

  • ​First and Second AC class: 75 kg per person.
  • Third AC class: 50 kg per person.
  • Sleeper class: 40 kg per person.
  • Exceeding these limits may result in additional fees.

Safety Precautions

Prioritize your safety by following these precautions:

  • ​Keep valuables secure and never leave them unattended.
  • Avoid consuming food or beverages offered by strangers.
  • Stay vigilant against pickpocketing and theft.
  • Always confirm your seat or berth upon boarding.
  • Refrain from opening the door to unknown individuals.

Embrace the Journey

Train travel in India offers a unique and enriching experience. Here's how to make the most of it:

  • ​Marvel at the diverse landscapes, vibrant cities, and picturesque countryside.
  • Maintain an open-minded and flexible attitude.
  • Embrace the opportunity to interact with locals, forge new friendships, and immerse yourself in India's rich culture and traditions.

By adhering to luggage regulations, prioritizing safety, and embracing the journey, you can ensure a memorable and enjoyable train travel experience in India.

Tips & Tricks

​India's railway network stands out as a remarkably efficient and budget-friendly means of traversing the vast expanse of the country. Here are some tips and tricks to help you navigate this system seamlessly:

  • ​Plan Ahead: Advance planning is key to a smooth journey. Research your itinerary, check train schedules, and book tickets well in advance to secure the best deals.
  • Choose Wisely: Selecting the appropriate class can significantly impact your comfort and budget. Evaluate your preferences and needs to decide between various classes like Sleeper, AC Chair Car, or AC 3 Tier.
  • Mind Luggage Limits: Stay within the prescribed luggage restrictions to avoid additional fees. Pack smartly and only carry essentials to make your journey hassle-free.
  • Prioritize Safety: Always keep your valuables secure and exercise caution while on board. Be vigilant against theft and avoid consuming food or drinks offered by strangers.
  • Embrace the Experience: Despite its bustling nature, train travel in India offers a unique and enriching experience. Embrace the diversity of landscapes and cultures as you journey across the country.


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