Indian trains hold a charm that's as timeless as their names - The Himalayan Queen, the Grand Trunk Express, the Deccan Odyssey. Each name conjures images of classic style and thrilling adventures. These trains have a rich history, initially laid down by the British East India Company in the late 1800s primarily for military transportation. However, post-independence in 1947, the focus shifted towards passenger trains, making Indian Railways the largest employer in the nation.

Embarking on a train journey in India always promises an element of excitement and adventure. Here's a comprehensive guide to help you navigate the rails of India.

Advance Booking

Planning ahead is key when it comes to Indian train travel. Booking opens 60 days prior to your travel date, especially for long-distance journeys as tickets tend to fill up fast. While short trips can sometimes be arranged on the day of travel, it's best to secure your tickets in advance. If booking at your hotel reception, be prepared to pay a small administrative fee. At the train station, steer clear of touts and head straight to the booking desk, allowing ample time as the process can be slow.

Online booking is also an option, but it's not as straightforward as clicking and paying. You'll first need to create an account on IRCTC's official website, requiring an Indian phone number for confirmation. If you're an international traveler, you can bypass this requirement by emailing the company with a copy of your passport. Once you have your IRCTC login, consider using alternative travel booking sites like Cleartrip for a smoother ticket purchasing experience, though you'll still need to input your IRCTC login details during the payment stage.

Waitlist Panic

If your ticket shows "Waitlisted" status, don't panic. When no tickets are available upon booking, you'll receive a reserve ticket labeled either "RAC Waitlist" or "Waitlist". With an "RAC" (reservation against cancellation) ticket, you're allowed to board the train, though you might not get your preferred seat or class. However, if enough passengers cancel their tickets, yours will be confirmed. Given that many travelers book well in advance, there's a good chance of this occurring.

"Waitlist" indicates that all confirmed and RAC tickets have been sold. You'll receive a number with your waitlisted ticket. If your number is within the first ten, there's a strong possibility of your ticket being confirmed. You can verify your seat status at the station on the day of travel, where a seating chart will be posted on the notice board, or check online for updates on your ticket status.

Choose Class Wisely

Indian trains typically offer eight classes, although not all are available on every train, depending on the distance and route.
AC1 (First Class) is the most expensive, featuring four-bed booths. However, most tourists opt for AC2 (two-tier bunks) or AC3 (three-tier bunks) for long or overnight journeys. These classes provide bedding and fold-out bunks for a comfortable rest. AC2 is quieter and more comfortable than AC3, with side berths offering better window views and top bunks in the main berth for better sleep. SL (Sleeper Class) is cheaper but may not offer much sleep.

It has open berths with three tiers of bunks, without bedding provided. While it's a reserved carriage, it can get crowded. However, it's a sociable option for daytime journeys. CC (Air-Conditioned Chair Car) features upright, aircraft-style seating, suitable for short trips. FC (First Class) and EC (Executive) are also chair classes ideal for short journeys. 2S (Second Class) is the most economical option with upright benches. It's unreserved, often resulting in a scramble for seats. Second class is suitable for tight-budget travelers on short trips.

Engage In Conversation

Some of your fondest memories from train journeys may stem from the conversations you share. People on Indian trains are often open to chatting, making it a delightful way to pass the time. Take the opportunity to connect with fellow passengers and learn about their stories.

Expect Delays

Indian train schedules are famously flexible, to put it lightly. Delays ranging from a few minutes to several hours are not uncommon. Therefore, it's wise to plan any connections with ample buffer time. Keep an eye on platform announcements to stay informed about the status of your train.

Secure Your Belongings

While most passengers are trustworthy, thefts can occur on trains. If you're sleeping on an upper bunk, you won't be able to monitor your belongings easily. Many locals secure their bags under their seats with a chain and padlock as a precautionary measure, and it's advisable to do the same to safeguard your belongings.

Be Cautious with On-Board Food

While many trains offer on-board meals, the quality and cleanliness can vary significantly. During longer journeys, trains typically halt for about twenty minutes at each station, providing an opportunity to purchase food or chai from the platform vendors.

Order Takeaway to the Platform

Now, you can arrange for takeaway meals to be delivered directly to Indian railway stations. These meals are delivered to the platform, allowing you to collect them before boarding or during a stop along the route, or upon reaching your destination. Several online takeaway services are tailored specifically for train travel. For instance, allows you to enter your PNR (booking) code and select a restaurant near your preferred station. Craving something other than curry? You can even order a pizza from a local Domino’s.

​​Relax and Appreciate the Journey

India's vastness often means travelers only get a glimpse of its diverse culture. From the window of a train, you can witness glimpses of rural India, from the deserts of Jaisalmer to the rice paddies of Maharashtra and the misty hill stations. So, sit back, relax, and enjoy the unique experience of traversing this incredible country by rail.


In conclusion, navigating the enchanting world of Indian train travel requires some preparation and flexibility, but the experiences it offers are unparalleled. From booking your tickets in advance to engaging in conversations with fellow passengers, from savoring local cuisine to marveling at the diverse landscapes passing by, every moment aboard an Indian train is an adventure in itself.

So, embrace the delays, relish the conversations, and soak in the sights and sounds as you embark on a journey that promises memories to last a lifetime. Whether you're traversing the bustling cities or the serene countryside, Indian train travel is sure to leave an indelible mark on your heart, making it an essential part of any traveler's itinerary.